Based on satellite images, KVERT reported that on 28 November ash plumes from Zhupanovsky rose to altitudes of 5-6 km (16,400-19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 285 km E. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange. IVS FED RAS (Institute Volcanology and Seismology Far East Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences) observers noted an ash explosion at 0356 on 1 December; the Tokyo VAAC reported that the resulting ash plume rose to an altitude of 9 km (29,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 60 km SE.
The Zhupanovsky volcanic massif consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes along a WNW-trending ridge. The elongated volcanic complex was constructed within a Pliocene-early Pleistocene caldera whose rim is exposed only on the eastern side. Three of the stratovolcanoes were built during the Pleistocene, the fourth is Holocene in age and was the source of all of Zhupanovsky’s historical eruptions. An early Holocene stage of frequent moderate and weak eruptions from 7000 to 5000 years before present (BP) was succeeded by a period of infrequent larger eruptions that produced pyroclastic flows. The last major eruption took place about 800-900 years BP. Historical eruptions have consisted of relatively minor explosions from the third cone.
December 4, 2015. Zhupanovsky, Kamchatka:
Elevation 2899 m
Source: kamtchakan éruption volcanique Response Team (KVERT) , GVP.
Photo : S. Samoilenko, IVS FEB RAS ( 2013)